Freud’s 24-tooth Heavy Duty Rip Blade (LM72M010) is what is installed in my table saw 90% of the time. The blade has 24 teeth 0.126″ wide, ground flat on the top and pitched forwards at 20 degrees. These characteristics make it the most versatile and most used saw blade in my shop.
As you would expect, this blade excels at ripping. The 20-degree forward (positive) hook angle makes feeding stock past the blade easier and the blade leaves two clean surfaces requiring little, if any, further clean-up. This blade also does a formidable job with cross-cuts too, especially when freshly sharpened. (When I need a super-clean crosscut, I take the time to switch to a dedicated crosscut blade.)
For a 10″ circular saw, 24 teeth is not very many (they may have as few as four or as many as 90). Having few teeth allows quicker, more aggressive cutting. The trade-off is that the blade will tend to leave a rougher cut than a blade with more teeth. In some cases, using a slower feed rate increases the quality of cut. In other cases it only causes burning.
The flat-top blade is useful for joinery. Non-through cuts have square shoulders and flat bottoms, making cleanup unnecessary. The blade has a regular kerf that is 0.126″ wide, just a little over 1/8″ (1/8″=0.125″). This is 20% thicker than a thin-kerf blade which typically removes 3/32″ (0.09375″). While a thicker kerf means it turns more wood into sawdust and requires more power to spin, it also means that only three passes are required to cut a 3/8″ wide groove versus four with a thin-kerf blade.
In addition to making joinery more convenient to cut, set-up is also quicker and easier. Because each tooth is the same, the top or edge of any tooth can be referenced for accurate set-ups. Another benefit to the tooth shape, which distributes the cutting duty over a wider surface, is that the teeth are also very durable and as a result, I need to have the blade sharpened less often.
There is a lot more information on saw blades on the Carbide Processors Inc. website.